Lawrence S. Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing

Indigenous Health Resources

Indigenous Peoples & Health Within Canada: List of Resources

Compiled by Dr. Amy Wright, February 5, 2020

Visit our Indigenous Health: Toronto Community Resources page for more local resources.

The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. (2015). Honouring the truth, reconciling for the future: Summary of the final report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. http://www.trc.ca/assets/pdf/Honouring_the_Truth_Reconciling_for_the_Future_July_23_2015.pdf

Michelin, O. (2017). How to Talk about Indigenous People. CBC News. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XEzjA5RoLv0

University of British Columbia. (2009a). The Indian act. Retrieved from http://indigenousfoundations.arts.ubc.ca/home/government-policy/the-indian-act.html

Self-Study: Free Webinar Series & Programs/Modules:

Cancer Care Ontario (*certificate for each completed module)

https://elearning.cancercare.on.ca/course/index.php?categoryid=2

Northern Health Indigenous health

https://www.indigenoushealthnh.ca/initiatives/cultural-safety

Indigenous Canada, University of Alberta

https://www.coursera.org/learn/indigenous-canada

Indigenous Health Equity, Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto

http://www.phesc.ca/indigenous

                *Register (free), can request certificate if all 4 webinars are completed.

Online Databases

National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health
https://www.nccih.ca/34/Publication_Search.nccih

Thunderbird Partnership Foundation https://thunderbirdpf.org/nnapf-document-library/

Understanding Racism and Privilege:

Webinar Series:

http://www.icscollaborative.com/webinars

Reading, C. (2013). Understanding racism. National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health

(NCCIH). https://www.nccih.ca/docs/determinants/FS-UnderstandingRacism-Reading-EN.pdf

Loppie, S., Reading, C., & de Leeuw S. (2014). Aboriginal experiences with racism and its impacts.

National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health (NCCIH). https://www.nccih.ca/docs/determinants/FS-AboriginalExperiencesRacismImpacts-Loppie-Reading-deLeeuw-EN.pdf

Loppie, C. & Barker, A. (2016). Racism and privilege in the everyday. Indigenous Cultural Safety

Collaborative Learning Series. Webinar.

http://www.icscollaborative.com/webinars/racism-and-privilege-in-the-everyday

Mashford-Pringle, A. (2011). How’d we get here from there? American Indians and

Aboriginal peoples of Canada health policy. Pimatisiwin, 9(1). http://www.pimatisiwin.com/online/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/08Mashford-Pringle.pdf

                DiAngelo, R. (2018). White fragility. Beacon Press, USA. (Book). White paper available at:

http://libjournal.uncg.edu/ijcp/article/view/249/116

Cultural Safety & Trauma-Informed Care

Manitoba Trauma Information Centre. (2018). Trauma and Indigenous Peoples. Retrieved from

http://trauma-informed.ca/

Adam, B.A. (2017). How I lost my mother, found my family, recovered my identity. Saskatoon

Star Phoenix. http://thestarphoenix.com/feature/scooped

Bombay, A., Matheson, K., & Anisman, H. (2009). Intergenerational trauma: Convergence of multiple processes among First Nations peoples in Canada. National Aboriginal Health Organization: Journal of Aboriginal Health, 6–47. https://jps.library.utoronto.ca/index.php/ijih/article/download/28987/23916/

Amnesty International Canada. (2014). Violence against Indigenous women and girls in Canada:

A summary of Amnesty International’s concerns and call to action. Ottawa, ON. Retrieved from https://www.amnesty.ca/sites/amnesty/files/iwfa_submission_amnesty_international_february_2014_-_final.pdf

Catallo, C., Jack, S. M., Ciliska, D., & MacMillan, H. (2013). Minimizing the risk of intrusion: A

grounded theory of intimate partner violence disclosure in emergency departments. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 69(6), 1366–1376. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/j.1365-2648.2012.06128.x

Papps, E., & Ramsden, I. (1996). Cultural safety in nursing: The New Zealand experience.

International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 8(5), 491–497. https://academic.oup.com/intqhc/article-pdf/8/5/491/5215280/8-5-491.pdf

Browne, A., Smye, V., Rodney, P., Tang, S. Y., Mussell, B., & O’Neil, J. (2011). Access to primary care from the perspective of Aboriginal patients at an urban emergency department. Qualitative Health Research, 21(3), 333–348. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1049732310385824

Integrating Indigenous Health into Nursing Curricula

Canadian Nurses Association. (2018). Promoting cultural competence in nursing.
https://www.cna-aiic.ca/-/media/cna/page-content/pdf-en/position_statement_promoting_cultural_competence_in_nursing.pdf?la=en&hash=4B394DAE5C2138E7F6134D59E505DCB059754BA9

Canadian Indigenous Nurses Association, Canadian Association of Schools of Nursing & Canadian Nurses Association (2009). Cultural competence and cultural safety in nursing education: A framework for First Nations, Inuit and Métis nursing. https://www.cna-aiic.ca/~/media/cna/page-content/pdf-en/first_nations_framework_e.pdf

Thurston, J. & Mashford-Pringle, A. (2015). Nursing & Indigenous education integration. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 5(10), 9-15. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/78a7/b9c4f7ea9bdd53a72932139d769295ac1128.pdf

Andersen, C. (2009). Indigenous footprints on health curriculum. The Australian Journal of Indigenous Education, 38(Supplement), 40-45. https://www.cambridge.org/core/services/aop-cambridge-core/content/view/04626F6D11573038CA0DE3698088F8D0/S1326011100000818a.pdf/indigenous-footprints-on-health-curriculum.pdf

Stansfield, D. & Browne, A.J. (2013). The relevance of Indigenous knowledge for nursing curriculum. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 10(1), 143-151. https://journals-scholarsportal-info.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/details/21945772/v10i0001/143_troikfnc.xml

Rowan, M.S., Rukholm, E., Bourque-Bearskin, L., Baker, C., Voyageur, E., & Robitaille, A. (2013). Cultural competence and cultural safety in Canadian schools of nursing: A mixed methods study. International Journal of Nursing Education Scholarship, 10(1), 1-10. https://journals-scholarsportal-info.myaccess.library.utoronto.ca/details/21945772/v10i0001/1_ccacsionamms.xml

Blanchet Garneau, A., Browne, A.J. & Varcoe, C. (2017). Drawing on antiracist approaches toward a critical antidiscriminatory pedagogy for nursing. Nursing Inquiry, 25(e12211), 1-9. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/pdf/10.1111/nin.12211

Kurtz, D., Janke, R., Vinek, J., Wells, T., Hutchison, P. & Froste, A. (2018). Health sciences cultural safety education in Australia, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States: A literature review. International Journal of Medical Education, 9, 271-285. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6387770/pdf/ijme-9-271.pdf

Henry, F., Dua, E., Kobayashi, A., James, C., Li, P., Ramos, H. & Smith, M. (2016). Race, racialization and Indigeneity in Canadian universities. Race Ethnicity and Education, 20(3), 300-314. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/13613324.2016.1260226?needAccess=true

Bopp, M., Brown, L. & Robb, J. (2017). Reconciliation within the academy: Why is Indigenization so difficult? https://teachingcommons.lakeheadu.ca/sites/default/files/inline-files/bopp%20brown%20robb_Reconciliation_within_the_Academy_Final.pdf

Indigenous Health-General

Greenwood, M., de Leeuw, S., & Lindsay, N.M. (2018). Determinants of Indigenous Peoples’ Health in Canada: Beyond the Social. Toronto, ON. Canadian Scholars Press Inc.

National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health (NCCAH) (2011) Access to health services as a social determinant of First Nations, Inuit and Métis health. https://www.ccnsa-nccah.ca/docs/determinants/FS-AccessHealthServicesSDOH-EN.pdf

2003 Massey Lectures: The Truth about stories: A Native Narrative by award-winning author &scholar Thomas King. https://www.cbc.ca/radio/ideas/the-2003-cbc-massey-lectures-the-truth-about-stories-a-native-narrative-1.2946870

First Nations Health Authority, British Columbia: Our History, Our Health https://www.fnha.ca/wellness/our-history-our-health

Reading, C., & Wien, F. (2009). Health inequalities and social determinants of Aboriginal peoples’ health. Prince George, BC: National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health. Retrieved from http://www.nccah-ccnsa.ca/docs/nccah reports/LoppieWien-2.pdf

Place, Jessica. (2012). The Health of Aboriginal Peoples Residing in Urban Areas.

National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health. (pp. 1‐36). https://www.ccnsa-nccah.ca/docs/emerging/RPT-HealthUrbanAboriginal-Place-EN.pdf

Well Living House, Smylie et al. Our Health Counts Toronto: Developing a population based urban Aboriginal cohort to assess and enhance individual, family, and community health and wellbeing. Factsheets. http://www.welllivinghouse.com/what-we-do/projects/our-health-counts-toronto/

Health Topics:

Maternal Health & Birthing

National Aboriginal Health Organization. (2009). Birthing through First Nations midwifery care. ‘  Retrieved from http://www.naho.ca/documents/fnc/english/Midwifery.pdf

Public Health Agency of Canada. (2017). Chapter 1: Family-centred maternity and newborn care in Canada: Underlying philosophy and principles. Retrieved from https://www.canada.ca/content/dam/phac-aspc/documents/services/publications/healthy-living/maternity-newborn-care/maternity-newborn-care-guidelines-chapter-1-eng.pdf

Wright, A., Wahoush, O., Ballantyne, M., Gabel, C., & Jack, S. M. (2018). Selection and use of health services for infants’ needs by Indigenous mothers in Canada: Integrative literature review. Canadian Journal of Nursing Research, 50(2), 89-102. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/0844562118757096

National Collaborating Centre for Aboriginal Health. (2012). The sacred space of womanhood:

Mothering across the generations a national showcase on First Nations, Inuit, and Métis women and mothering. http://www.nccah-ccnsa.ca/docs/child%20and%20youth/The%20Sacred%20Space%20of%20Womanhood%20-%20Mothering%20Across%20the%20Generations%20(EN%20-%20web).pdf

Wright, A.L., Jack, S.M., Ballantyne, M., Gabel, C., Bomberry, R., Wahoush, O. (2019). How

Indigenous mothers experience selecting and using early childhood development services to care for their infants. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Health & Well-being, 14(1). https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1080/17482631.2019.1601486

Best Start Resource Centre (2012). Supporting the sacred journey: From preconception to parenting for First Nations families in Ontario. Toronto, Ontario. https://resources.beststart.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/E31-A.pdf

Indigenous Children & Youth

The Health of Canada’s Children and Youth

https://cichprofile.ca/module/7/

Perceptions of Pain

CBC News (2019). Mi’kmaw nurse explains how Indigenous pain often misunderstood.

https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/nova-scotia/mi-kmaw-nurse-1.5130067

Browne, A., Varcoe, C., Lavoie, J., Smye, V., Wong, S., Krause, M., Tu, D., Godwin, O., Khan, K.,

Fridkin, A. (2016). Enhancing health care equity with Indigenous populations: Evidence-based strategies from an ethnographic study. BMC Heralth Services Research, 16 (544), 1-17. https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/s12913-016-1707-9

Latimer, M., Finley, G.A., Rudderham, S., Inglis, S., Francis, J., Young, S., & Hutt-MacLeod, D.

(2014). Expression of pain in Mi’kmaq children from one Atlantic Canadian community: A qualitative study. Canadian Medical Association Journal Open 2(3): E133-E138. http://cmajopen.ca/content/2/3/E133.full.pdf+html

Latimer, M., Simandl, D., Finley, A., Rudderham, S., Harman, K., Young, S., … Francis, J. (2014).

Understanding the impact of the pain experience on Aboriginal children’s well-being: Viewing through a Two-Eyed Seeing lens. First Peoples Child & Family Review, 9(1), 22–37. http://journals.sfu.ca/fpcfr/index.php/FPCFR/article/view/183/216

Nelson, S., Browne, A., Lavoie, J. (2016). Representations of Indigenous Peoples and use of pain medication in Canadian news media. The International Indigenous Policy Journal, 7(1), 1-26. https://ojs.lib.uwo.ca/index.php/iipj/article/view/7484/6128

LGBTQ2S

Scheim, A.I., Jackson, R., James, L., Sharp Dopler, T., Pyne, J., Bauer, G.R. (2013). Barriers to well-

being for Aboriginal gender-diverse people: Results from the Trans PULSE Project in Ontario, Canada. Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care, 6(4), 108-120. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/EIHSC-08-2013-0010/full/html

Ristock, J., Zoccole, A. and Passante, L. (2010), Aboriginal Two-Spirit and LGBTQ Migration,

Mobility, and Health Research Project: Winnipeg Final Report, Winnipeg. http://www.2spirits.com/PDFolder/MMHReport.pdf

2-Spirited People of the 1st Nations. (2008) Our relatives said: A wise practices guide. https://www.rainbowhealthontario.ca/wp-content/uploads/woocommerce_uploads/2014/08/OurRelativesSaid.pdf

Hunt, S. (2016). An introduction to the health of Two-Spirit people: Historical, contemporary and emergency issues. National Collaborating Centre of Aboriginal Health. https://www.ccnsa-nccah.ca/docs/emerging/RPT-HealthTwoSpirit-Hunt-EN.pdf

Mental Health & Wellness

First Nations Mental wellness continuum framework https://thunderbirdpf.org/first-nations-mental-wellness-continuum-framework/

Homelessness

Thistle, J. (2019). From the Ashes. Simon & Schuster: Canada. (Book)

Thistle, J. (2017). Indigenous Definition of homelessness in Canada. Toronto: Canadian

Observatory on Homelessness Press. Available online at: https://www.homelesshub.ca/sites/default/files/attachments/COHIndigenousHomelessnessDefinition.pdf

Indigenous Methodologies & Research

Key Readings on Indigenous Ways of Thinking, Methodologies and Decolonization. Available online at: https://ccqhr.utoronto.ca/resources/publications/

Bartlett, C., Marshall, M., & Marshall, A. (2007). Integrative science: Enabling concepts within a journey guided by trees holding hands and Two-Eyed Seeing. Sydney, NS.

Bartlett, C., Marshall, M., & Marshall, A. (2012). Two-Eyed Seeing and other lessons learned within a co-learning journey of bringing together Indigenous and mainstream knowledges and ways of knowing. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 2(4), 331–340. https://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1007%2Fs13412-012-0086-8.pdf

Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, & Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. (2018). Tri-council policy statement 2: Chapter 9 Research involving the First Nations, Inuit or Métis peoples in Canada. Retrieved from https://ethics.gc.ca/eng/tcps2-eptc2_2018_chapter9-chapitre9.html

Iwama, M., Marshall, M., Marshall, A., & Bartlett, C. (2009). Two-Eyed Seeing and the language of healing in community-based research. Canadian Journal of Native Education, 32(2). https://search.proquest.com/docview/756676629/fulltextPDF/7DB4841013CE44ABPQ/1?accountid=14771

Kovach, M. (2009). Indigenous research methodologies: Characteristics, conversations, and contexts. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press.

Peltier, C. (2018). An application of Two-Eyed Seeing: Indigenous research methods with participatory action research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 17, 1–12. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/pdf/10.1177/1609406918812346

Schnarch, B. (2004). Ownership, control, access, and possession (OCAP) or self-determination applied to research: A critical analysis of contemporary First Nations research and some options for First Nations communities. Journal of Aboriginal Health, 1(1), 80–95. https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/2b5c/50f9f6f2884c462fda84682aa5d4004be75d.pdf

Smith, L. T. (1999). Decolonizing methodologies: Research and Indigenous peoples. New York, NY: St. Martin’s Press.

Wilson, S. (2008). Research is ceremony: Indigenous research methods. Halifax, NS, Canada: Fernwood.

Wright, A. L., Wahoush, O., Ballantyne, M., Gabel, C., & Jack, S. M. (2016). Qualitative health research involving Indigenous peoples: Culturally appropriate data collection methods. The Qualitative Report, 21(12). https://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol21/iss12/5/

Wright, A. L., Gabel, C., Ballantyne, M., Jack, S.M., Wahoush, O. (2019). Using Two-Eyed Seeing in research with Indigenous people: An integrative review. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 18(1-19). https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1609406919869695

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